• Sophie Boudet-Dalbin

    Docteur en sciences de l'information et de la communication (SIC) de l'Université Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas, je travaille sur la distribution des contenus numériques.

    Ma recherche doctorale, pluridisciplinaire, est une étude prospective qui vise à trouver des solutions concrètes pour la distribution des films par Internet, en mesure de dépasser les stéréotypes et de réconcilier les motivations et contraintes des divers acteurs économiques, créateurs, publics internautes et entités nationales.

    Doctor in Information and Communication Sciences at the University Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas, I focus on digital content distribution.

    My PhD, multidisciplinary, aimes at finding concrete solutions for digital distribution of films, that would outreach stereotypes as well as reconcile the motivations and constraints of the various economic actors, creators, audience, Internet users and national entities.

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    New Ways of Sharing Ad Money With YouTube Celebrities

    Some YouTube contributors are feeling like hot commodities, being wooed by the site's competitors with promises of guaranteed exposure and/or a share of advertising money. The most popular YouTubers generate millions of visits and tens of thousands of subscribers. It only seems fair that the YouTube stars have their piece of the cake. Thus, the video sites, like YouTube, Google Video or Revvers, that earn advertising revenues, could not continue to exploit quality user-generated content without paying for it. So, last January, Chad Hurly, YouTube's co-founder, said the company would in the coming months begin sharing advertising revenue with contributors. In the meantime, competitors are taking action.

    In an article from last February 26, the New York Times reveals that Metacafe proposes $5 for every 1,000 views, with their most popular acts netting tens of thousands of dollars. YouTube could share about 20 per cent of ad money gleaned from each video clip with the clip's producer. Until then, the famous video site has been stung by the departure of its most popular acts. Lonelygirl15, an online show about the exploits of a fictitious teenager, left for Revver, which pays producers half of all advertising revenue. The comedy duo Smosh is now exclusively on Live Video. As every TV network, film studio and record label has done for decades, the video sharing sites are thus trying proactively to sign talents.

    YouTube is by far the most popular video site on the Web, with about 26 million visitors in December, according to the Internet statistics firm comScore Media Metrix. Yahoo Video arrives in second position, with 22 million. As for the most important independant site, it is Heavy, with 6.5 millon visits. YouTube can expect hardball tactics from competitors given the economic stakes. But no YouTube competitor can boast of getting millions of eyeballs in a week. The rivals have to pay cash, money that comes from ads. And what advertisers want is to see millions of eyeballs.

    Revvers well understood this. The site, which earns ad revenues based on the number of clip views, encourages producers to distribute their videos on as many sites as possible, without exclusivity. The strategy is to let creators know the rival sites have also a great system. What the amateur producers want first is fame. Fortune comes after. The video sites give them exposure and feedback from the public. Thus, they can get some experience. While hoping video blogging might become some kind of career, one can wait for the YouTube proposition, which will hopefully be profitable for everybody.

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